Golden Ratio and Layout
Golden ratio is traced back to ancient greece, to Pythagorean schools of thought and mathematics just like Euclidean geometry. Philosphers and mathematicians, men of natural sciences has observed this ratio in natural occurances and formations so often that the broke it down and used it in their own assemblies. The ratio is still being used in many disciplines in many ways.
“Some of the greatest mathematical minds of all ages, from Pythagoras and Euclid in ancient Greece, through the medieval Italian mathematician Leonardo of Pisa and the Renaissance astronomer Johannes Kepler, to present-day scientific figures such as Oxford physicist Roger Penrose, have spent endless hours over this simple ratio and its properties. But the fascination with the Golden Ratio is not confined just to mathematicians. Biologists, artists, musicians, historians, architects, psychologists, and even mystics have pondered and debated the basis of its ubiquity and appeal. In fact, it is probably fair to say that the Golden Ratio has inspired thinkers of all disciplines like no other number in the history of mathematics”
Golden ratio has been used in visual arts for ages; a golden rectangle is, a square and a rectangle which has a square and a rectangle, which has a square and a…recursive. It is the projection of the seashell spiral on a rectangle bounding box. It is used in architecture including Parthenon, medieval book designs according to Jan Tschichold, painting and sculpture and industrial design and music.
The Sacrament of the Last Supper by Dali, uses the golden rectangle extensively. Even the canvas is sized on 16:10 ratio.
…and here’s phi, the golden ratio equation. which is also the new widescreen format, 16:10 and 16:9.